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LAWN DISEASE TREATMENT NEW JERSEY

Of all the pests that damage your beautiful landscape lawn disease is one of the most difficult to tame. There are hundreds of fungus that can infect your turf. Some are relatively harmless, others can destroy an entire lawn in a very short time. Lawn Disease occurs when the lawn or root structure becomes affected by fungus pathogens which cause deterioration to the grass plant. Plant Solutions can help you identify and treat all cases of lawn disease and make sure you have the perfect lawn all season long.

EVERYTHING YOU WANT TO KNOW ABOUT LAWN DISEASE

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How can I identify a lawn disease?

Many lawn diseases have similar symptoms and can be

tricky to identify depending on the severity and stage of the problem. Read through each of our disease guides below to help you identify which one your lawn is suffering with. However, it may be that professional analysis may be required.

How does lawn disease spread?
Fungus spores spread on the wheels of lawn mowers, shoes of children, on the droplets of rain that bounce from plant to plant during rain or watering, and can even blow like microscopic seeds across your lawn. Every lawn has disease organisms. The trick is not letting them get the upper hand.

Prevention is the best cure. 

To reduce disease, keep the lawn healthy and growing with proper feeding, mowing, watering, and thatch control measures. Some grass types are much less susceptible to fungus attacks. Consider planting disease-resistant varieties when you seed.
 

How is Lawn disease treated?
Disease treatments do not usually eliminate the disease from the lawn. Instead, they suppress activity for a period of a few days to several weeks. The goal is to keep the disease in check long enough for the grass to recover or the weather conditions to change. Often, several treatments are needed.

 

What lawn disease are common in New Jersey and are they really a threat?
Some of the more common diseases facing residents of tri-state area include; snow mold, rust, dollar spot and red thread. Most of the common diseases are weather-related. Some of them require control and some don’t – most of them can be handled through good cultural practices. 

 

How effective are fungicide treatments?

There is no permanent cure for lawn diseases, but some can be controlled or prevented by modern fungicides. In most lawn environments, good horticultural practices can prevent severe fungal attack or long-term problems. Making sure there is sufficient light and airflow across the lawn, reducing thatch levels and reducing compaction will all increase the overall health of the lawn and reduce the risk of diseases developing. Sports turf and intensively managed grass areas may require a regular fungicide programmed to prevent disease outbreak. However, considering that many of these diseases will grow out, and given the difficulty of being able to control the environmental conditions that encourage disease flare ups, we wouldn’t advise immediately reaching for chemical treatments and instead look at any lawn issues that can be addressed instead.

 

How to repair a lawn following disease outbreak?

Some lawn diseases only affect the crown and blade of the grass, with the root zone remaining intact. This often means the lawn can recover well given the right conditions and a little TLC.

  1. Rake out any dead or damaged areas using a rake or scarifier

  2. Core aerate over these areas to a depth of 3-4 inches to relive compaction

  3. Apply appropriate lawn seed at the recommended rate

  4. Spread over a thin layer of top dressing to protect the seed

  5. Keep watered until the seed has germinated

COMMON LAWN DISEASE IN NJ

DOLLAR SPOT

Fungus: Sclerotinia homoeocarpa

Symptoms: On closely mowed turf: Collection of silver dollar size, tannish brown to whitish spots. Turf appears speckled or mottled. On residential turf: Collection of 1 inch to 6 inch diameter bleached white patches.

Grasses susceptible: All cool season turfgrasses.

Conditions favoring disease:
Warm days (60-90 degrees F/ 16-32 degrees C) and cool nights above (50 degrees F/ 10 degrees C).
Prolonged leaf wetness, dew, and high humidity.
Dry soils with low nitrogen fertility.

Cultural options:
Maintain adequate fertility.
Reduce compaction and limit thatch.
Minimize leaf wetness.
Avoid drought stress (proper watering).

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RED THREAD

(or Pink Patch)

Fungus: Corticium fuciforme

Symptoms: Coral-pink to red fungus strands may be seen on leaves and leaf sheaths binding leaves together. Affected turf areas are usually more or less circular and vary from 2 to 15 inches in diameter. When dry, the pink strands resemble red threads. The infected leaf first appears water-soaked, but rapidly dies, becoming light tan. Leaves, and often the sheaths, are killed.

Grasses susceptible: Bentgrass, bermudagrass, bluegrass, fescue and ryegrass.

Conditions favoring disease:
Red thread is most serious during periods of prolonged cool, wet weather, especially on turf deficient in nitrogen.

How fungus survives:
The fungus survives unfavorable conditions as pinkish or red gelatinous crusts of fungus threads. When conditions are favorable, the crusts resume growth and fungus threads infect leaves.

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RUST

Fungus: Puccinia

Symptoms: Thin, weakened turf that appears covered with an orange-red or yellow powdery dust. Powder will discolor shoes and clothing.

Grasses susceptible: All cool season turfgrasses, especially perennial ryegrass.

Conditions favoring disease:
Warm nights (68-86 degrees F/ 20-30 degrees C), wet leaves, and low light areas (shady sites or cloudy weather).
Most severe mid to late summer into fall when turf is not actively growing or under stress.

Cultural options:
Maintain adequate fertility.
Minimize leaf wetness.
Avoid drought stress (proper watering).

SNOW MOLD

Winter weather conditions are very conducive to snow mold! When the snow disappears from your lawn, there may be areas of weak or dead turf. Often this damage is caused by a disease known as Snow Mold.

What is snow mold?

There are two types of snow mold, Gray Snow Mold (Typhula spp) and Pink Snow Mold (Fusarium Nivale). Both types of snow mold develop under snow covers or prolonged periods of cool, wet weather. The optimum temperatures are in the 32 to 45 degree F range for both, however, the pink snow mold can cause significant damage at temperatures of 65 degrees. Both snow molds develop most rapidly when snow has fallen on unfrozen ground.

How to identify gray snow mold.

Where snow mold has been active, the turf commonly develops rough circular spots of matted, silver-gray turf. Often these spots are so numerous that an entire area may be disfigured. The trouble is most likely to be seen on the shaded side of a building, in the shade of trees and shrubs, or similar areas where moisture remains for a long time in late winter.
How to identify pink snow mold:

As pink snow mold develops, the initial infections are irregular patches of pale yellow grass, ranging from two inches to over one foot in diameter. As the disease develops further, the individual blades will take on a bleached appearance and the patches become whitish-gray. For this reason, pink snow mold is often confused with gray snow mold.

Both snow molds develop mycelium (which resemble cob-webs) that form a white mat under prolonged moist conditions. However, there is normally more mycelium with gray snow mold.

How to control snow mold:

Once snow mold damage has occurred, the only possible procedure is to loosen the discolored, matted grass with a leaf rake (without digging into the soil), fertilize the entire lawn and see what will develop once good growing weather is at hand. Often the snow mold fungus kills only the tops of the plants and they recover with a few weeks of good growing weather. In more serious instances entire areas of turf, roots and all, will be destroyed and the spots will not recover. After a few weeks of good growing weather, it is reasonable to assume that any turf that has not recovered, will not do so. Then it is the time to do any necessary patching by loosening the soil and planting more seed. The delay to see what may develop is usually well worthwhile. Often the most devastating attacks of snow mold will recover without any reseeding.

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Call (908) 517-0768 today to learn more about our lawn disease services or schedule an appointment for a complimentary consultation with one of our certified professionals.

NEW JERSEY LAWN DISEASE TREATMENT

Plant Solutions Provides Lawn Disease treatment In The Following New Jersey Neighborhoods. Call us today at (908) 517-0768 or schedule an appointment here.

Basking Ridge
Bedminster
Berkeley Heights
Bernardsville
Bound Brook
Bridgewater 
Chatham
Chester
Convent Station
Essex Fells

Fanwood
Far Hills
Florham Park
Gillette
Gladstone
Green Village
Harding
Liberty Corner
Livingston 
Lyons

Madison
Maplewood
Martinsville
Mendham
Millburn
Millington
Morris Plains
Morristown
Mountainside
New Providence

Peapack-Gladstone
Short Hills
Springfield
Summit
Warren
Watchung
West Orange
Westfield

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